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Peer can not establish a session with my router

Common configuration errors

  • Is the IP address for failed peer correct?
  • Is the Router ID set correctly? It should be an IP address assigned on the router.
  • How many hops away is the peer? Default setting requires a peer to be adjacent.
  • Does the router have any firewall rules blocking BGP traffic? This is particularly relevent if you've hardened the router.

Peer session is established, but routes are not propegating

Common configuration errors

No routes installed from EBGP multihop peer (nexthop inaccessible)

Some providers require you to establish 2 peering sessions. The first is with your nexthop upstream. This session will typically send you a /32 route to the second BGP peer. The second BGP peer is often a route reflector which is multiple hops into your provider's network. Quagga, by design, will not install a route via a nexthop which is learned via the same routing protocol (EBGP in this case). This means that all the routes learned from the second peer will be inaccessible because the second peer's IP (nexthop) was also learned via EBGP from the first peer.


One of the following should be implemented:

  • A static route to the second BGP peer must be added via the first BGP peer's IP address in wan.conf


  • A default route via the first BGP peer's IP address must be added.
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