General Information


This guide is designed for qualified system administrators, network managers, and persons with a working knowledge of networking and routing. The examples in this manual assume the use of the Pico text editor. Appendix A, “Networking Concepts,” only provides an overview of network address conventions, and should not be used as a substitute for careful study of these principles. Refer to “Additional References” in this preface for appropriate Requests for Comments (RFC’s) and other suggested reading.


All information presented in this manual is based on the latest product information available at the time of printing. ImageStream has carefully reviewed the accuracy of this manual, but cannot be held liable for omissions or errors that may appear. ImageStream reserves the right to revise this publication and to make changes in its contents without obligation of notifying any persons of such revision changes.


ImageStream Internet Solutions warrants that at the time of shipment the router product and its installed components shall be free from defect in material and workmanship. ImageStream Internet Solutions warrants that the router will meet the product’s standard specifications at the time of shipment. This warranty excludes damage resulting from mishandling, tampering, improper installation and misuse by the purchaser.

ImageStream Internet Solutions warrants the router for a period of 1 year from the invoice date. For warranty claims, contact your place of purchase, or ImageStream Internet Solutions immediately upon the discovery of such defect. If the Router or its installed components are found to be defective, ImageStream Internet Solutions will repair or replace the router at ImageStream’s discretion. To view ImageStream’s Limited Warranty and Software License please visit

In no event shall ImageStream Internet Solutions, be liable for direct, indirect, incidental or consequential damages in connection with, or arising from, the furnishing, performance, or use of the router. Purchaser may have other rights that vary from state to state.

Sales and Technical Notes

ImageStream’s on-line resources provide the latest information on software driver upgrades, frequently asked questions and other issues. These services are available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week via the World Wide Web at

The ImageStream Support Team is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. For phone support please call 574.935.8484. The ImageStream fax number is 574.935.8488. For email support please send mail to

Additional References

Consult the following RFC’s and books for more information about the topics covered in this manual.


To find an RFC online, visit the website of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) at - RFC 768, User Datagram Protocol - RFC 791, Internet Protocol - RFC 792, Internet Control Message Protocol - RFC 793, Transmission Control Protocol - RFC 854, Telnet Protocol Specification - RFC 950, Internet Standard Subnetting Procedure RFC 1058, Routing Information Protocol - RFC 1112, Host Extensions for IP Multicasting - RFC 1144, Compressing TCP/IP Headers for Low-Speed Serial Links RFC 1157, A Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) - RFC 1166, Internet Numbers - RFC 1212, Concise MIB Definitions - RFC 1213, Management Information Base for Network Management of TCP/IP-based Internets: MIB-II - RFC 1256, ICMP Router Discovery Messages RFC 1321, The MD5 Message-Digest Algorithm - RFC 1331, The Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) for the Transmission of Multiprotocol Datagrams over Point-to-Point Links - RFC 1332, The PPP Internet Protocol Control Protocol (IPCP) RFC 1334, PPP Authentication Protocols - RFC 1349, Type of Service in the Internet Protocol Suite - RFC 1413, Identification Protocol - RFC 1483, Multiprotocol Encapsulation over ATM Adaption Layer 5 - RFC 1490, Multiprotocol Interconnect Over Frame Relay - RFC 1542, Clarifications and Extensions for the Bootstrap Protocol - RFC 1552, The PPP Internet Packet Exchange Control Protocol (IPXCP) - RFC 1587, The OSPF NSSA Option - RFC 1597, Address Allocations for Private Internets - RFC 1627, Network 10 Considered Harmful (Some Practices Shouldn’t be Codified) - RFC 1634, Novell IPX Over Various WAN Media (IPXWAN) - RFC 1661, The Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) - RFC 1700, Assigned Numbers - RFC 1723, RIP Version 2 - RFC 1771, A Border Gateway Protocol 4 (BGP-4) - RFC 1812, Requirements for IP Version 4 Routers - RFC 1814, Unique Addresses are Good - RFC 1818, Best Current Practices - RFC 1824, Requirements for IP Version 4 Routers - RFC 1825, Security Architecture for the Internet Protocol - RFC 1826, IP Authentication Header - RFC 1827, IP Encapsulating Payload - RFC 1828, IP Authentication Using Keyed MD5 - RFC 1829, The ESP DES-CBC Transform - RFC 1851, The ESP Triple DES Transform - RFC 1877, PPP IPCP Extensions for Name Server Addresses - RFC 1878, Variable Length Subnet Table for IPv4 - RFC 1918, Address Allocation for Private Internets - RFC 1962, The PPP Compression Control Protocol (CCP) - RFC 1965, Autonomous System Confederations for BGP - RFC 1966, BGP Route Reflection, An Alternative to Full Mesh IBGP - RFC 1974, PPP Stac LZS Compression Protocol - RFC 1990, The PPP Multilink Protocol (MP) - RFC 1994, PPP Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol (CHAP) - RFC 1997, BGP Communities Attribute - RFC 2003, IP Encapsulation within IP - RFC 2104, HMAC: Keyed-Hashing for Message Authentication - RFC 2125, The PPP Bandwidth Allocation Protocol (BAP), The PPP Bandwidth Allocation Control Protocol (BACP) - RFC 2131, Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol - RFC 2132, DHCP Options and BOOTP Vendor Extensions - RFC 2138, Remote Authentication Dial In User Service (RADIUS) RFC 2139, RADIUS Accounting - RFC 2153, PPP Vendor Extensions - RFC 2328, OSPF Version 2 - RFC 2364, PPP over AAL5 - RFC 2400, Internet Official Protocol Standards - RFC 2403, The Use of HMAC-MD5-96 within ESP and AH - RFC 2404, The Use of HMAC-SHA-1-96 within ESP and AH - RFC 2405, The ESP DES-CBC Cipher Algorithm with Explicit IV RFC 2451, The ESP CBC-Mode Cipher Algorithm - RFC 2453, RIP Version 2 - RFC 2663, IP Network Address Translator (NAT) Terminology and Considerations

FCC Class A Limits

Warning: Changes or modifications to this unit not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.

Note: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. Operation of the equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference in which case the user will be required to correct the interference at his own expense.

Shielded cables must be used with this unit to ensure compliance with FCC Class A limits.

Canadian Department of Communications Class A Limits

This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class A limits for radio noise emissions from digital apparatus set out in the Radio Interference Regulations of the Canadian Department of Communications.

Le present appareil numerique n’emet pas de bruits radioelectriques depassant les limites applicables aux appareils numeriqqes de la class A prescrites dans le Reglement sur le brouillage radioelectrique edicte par le ministere des Communications du Canada.

FCC Part 68 Rule Disclosure

The following information is required by FCC Part 68 Rules which informs the user of his/her rights and obligations in connecting this equipment to the network and in ordering service. This equipment complies with Part 68 of FCC Rules. Please note the following:

When you order T1 service in North America, the telephone company will need to know the following:
The Facility Interface Code:
04DU-B (1.544 MB D4 framing format) 04DU9-C (1.544 MB ESF framing format)
The Service Order Code:
6.0F note A signal power affidavit may be required to guarantee encoded analog content and billing protection unless this unit is used in combination with an XD type device or no encoded analog signals and billing information will be transmitted.
The USOC Jack Required:
RJ48C In addition, if requested, please inform the telephone company the make, model and FCC Registration Number, which can be found on the label.

*Your telephone company may make changes to its facilities, equipment, operations or procedures that could affect the proper functioning of your equipment. If they do, you will be notified in advance to give you and opportunity to maintain uninterrupted telephone service *If your telephone equipment causes harm to the telephone network, the telephone company may discontinue your service temporarily. If possible, they will notify you in advance, but if advance notice is not practical, you will be notified as soon as possible. You will be informed of your right to file a complaint with the FCC. *If you experience trouble with telephone equipment, please contact us for information on obtaining service or repairs. Only ImageStream or our authorized agents should perform repairs. *You are required to notify the telephone company when this unit is disconnected from the network.

Training Courses

ImageStream offers hands-on, technical training courses on ImageStream products and their applications. For more information, visit the ImageStream Web site at